Thursday, May 22, 2014

Thanks to Peggy Campbell for sharing this data at the Barefoot Gardeners Organic Permaculture Central Florida forum. Moringa info: PKM-1: Superior Moringa Variety with commercial Viability Long and Fleshy and Pods with Desirable Attributes Green and Abundant Nutritive Leaves with Massive Production – Suitable for Making Moringa Leaf powder and by-products Rich Oil content 38 to 42 % of Oil Ready for harvest in 150 days Highest Yield of Drumsticks - 400 Fruits/Per Tree- up to 30 seeds/per pod Early fruit-bearing and tends to mature in short time.Fleshy and Tasty Fruits Flowering starts within 90-100 days. Flowering Twice per Year. 100 to 150 Flowers in One cluster. More than One Pod per Cluster Pods are 70 – 80 cms Long 220 pods per tree Huge Production 35 – 40 kgs of Pods per Tree Edible Maturity within 65 days from Flowering All Moringas: Convenient for wild production Annual in habit and bushy in growth Pods non-fibrous and seeds soft even in late harvests Amenable for ratooning twice. Low cost of production Soil enrichment through leaf litter-Better successive crops PKM-1 is a hybrid that is able to withstand drought and produces long, fleshy pods of the highest quality. This cultivar grows much bushier and produces more leaves and pods than common Moringa Oleifera It is also reported to be more nutrient rich. PKM-1 is a perennial tree but it is very often grown in cooler climates as an annual. The number one choice for commercial production. *PKM-1 can produce as many as 400 pods (drumsticks) per tree! *PKM-1 is the choice for serious moringa farming and maximum yields in the shortest period of time. Pods are ready to eat after just 65 days. *PKM-1 was developed at the Horticultural College and Research Institute, *Periyakulam, in Tamil Nadu of South India. Taste tests conducted in Africa between (1) Moringa Stenopetala, (2) Common Moringa Oleifera and (3) PKM-1 hybrid confirmed that PKM-1 had a better taste than (1) and (2) Leaves: 7X Vitamin C of an Orange (if raw, if dried, much less) 4X Vitamin A of a Carrot (if dry, more of it) 4X Calcium of milk (if dry, more of it) High Protein Helps: Antibiotic Diabetes Cardiovascular Bursitis in Hips Anti-inflammatory High Blood Pressure 1 capsule/day, no more In good soil--can have all vitamins and minerals Deciduous Nitrogen-fixer--Green Manure Contains all essential amino acids Chickens won't eat Anti-microbial in soil Only plant that purifies water, branch in water kills E. Coli Germinate Seeds: 1. Soak in water overnight 2. Put a paper towel in bottom of a plastic food storage container 3. Wet paper towel with water from seeds, wet but not extra water in container 4. Remove flanges from seeds 5. Lay seeds on paper towel, with about 1/2 or more between seeds. 5. Put lid on container, set in warm sunny window. 6. Seeds should sprout roots in a week. Planting: Well-drained soil, mound up high, NO wet feet Grow from seed, not cuttings Cuttings or a plant in pot will not get a nice long tap root to pick up minerals deep down. It will also go over easy in a storm if no tap root. Don't grow in pot for more than one month. If in pot, only use a 3 gallon pot or larger for one month or less and then plant in ground. Nematode resistant Grows in the Desert Little white flowers and then get seed pods (15-20 seeds in a pod) but can't prune the branch to get the seed pods. Grows 8" a week in summer Trunk stores a lot of water, still produces during drought Harvest Leaves 19-20" every 35-40 days Harvest Leaves 6-8" above the ground 2L

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